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29 January 一月| John 约19:1-42 |

Jesus‘ Crucifixion and Burial 耶稣被钉十字架和埋葬

Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged. The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe and went up to him again and again, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews!” And they slapped him in the face. Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews gathered there, “Look, I am bringing him out to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him.” When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!” As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!” But Pilate answered, “You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him.” The Jewish leaders insisted, “We have a law, and according to that law he must die, because he claimed to be the Son of God.” When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid, and he went back inside the palace. “Where do you come from?” he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer. 10 “Do you refuse to speak to me?” Pilate said. “Don’t you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?” 11 Jesus answered, “You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to youis guilty of a greater sin.” 12 From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jewish leaders kept shouting, “If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar.” 13 When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge’s seat at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaicis Gabbatha). 14 It was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about noon. “Here is your king,” Pilate said to the Jews. 15 But they shouted, “Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!” “Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate asked. “We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered. 16 Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus. 17 Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha).18 There they crucified him, and with him two others—one on each side and Jesus in the middle. 19 Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: jesus of nazareth, the king of the jews. 20 Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. 21 The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, “Do not write ‘The King of the Jews,’ but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.” 22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.” 23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom. 24 “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment.” So this is what the soldiers did. 25 Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to her, “Woman, here is your son,” 27 and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home. 28 Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” 29 A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips. 30 When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. 31 Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. 32 The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. 33 But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. 35 The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. 36 These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken,” 37 and, as another scripture says, “They will look on the one they have pierced.” 38 Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jewish leaders. With Pilate’s permission, he came and took the body away. 39 He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds. 40 Taking Jesus’ body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs. 41 At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid. 42 Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.

于是彼拉多吩咐把耶稣带走,鞭打了。 士兵们用荆棘编了冠冕,戴在耶稣的头上,又给他披上紫色袍子。 他们不断地来到他面前说:“万岁,犹太人的王!”又不住地用手掌打他。彼拉多再次出来对犹太人说:“看!我把他带出来给你们,是要你们知道,我查不出他有什么罪。” 这时候,耶稣出来了,他戴着荆棘冠冕,披着紫色袍子。彼拉多对他们说:“看,这个人!” 祭司长们和差役们一看见耶稣,就喊叫说:“钉上十字架!钉上十字架!” 彼拉多对他们说:“你们自己把他带走钉上十字架!要知道,我查不出他有罪。” 那些犹太人回答:“我们有律法,按照这律法,他是应该死的,因为他把自己当做神的儿子。” 彼拉多一听这话,就更加惧怕了, 又进了总督府,问耶稣:“你到底是从哪里来的?”耶稣却没有回答他。 10 彼拉多就说:“你不与我说话吗?难道你不知道我有权释放你,也有权把你钉上十字架吗?” 11 耶稣回答:“如果权柄不是从上面赐给你的,你就对我没有任何权柄。所以,把我交给你的人有更大的罪。” 12 由此,彼拉多就想要释放耶稣。可是犹太人喊叫说:“你如果释放这个人,就不是凯撒的朋友了。所有把自己当做王的,就是反对凯撒的!” 13 彼拉多听了这话,就把耶稣带到外面,并在一个叫“铺石台”的地方坐上了审判席。“铺石台”希伯来语叫做“伽巴达”。 14 那天是逾越节的预备日,大约在中午十二点,彼拉多对犹太人说:“看,你们的王!” 15 他们就大声喊叫:“除掉他!除掉他!把他钉上十字架!” 彼拉多问:“我可以把你们的王钉上十字架吗?” 祭司长们回答:“除了凯撒,我们没有王!” 16 于是彼拉多把耶稣交给他们去钉上十字架。 他们就把耶稣带走了。 17 耶稣自己背着十字架出来,前往一个叫“骷髅地”的地方,希伯来语叫做“各各他”。 18 在那里,他们把耶稣钉上十字架,还把另外两个人与耶稣一起钉上十字架,这边一个,那边一个,耶稣在中间。 19 彼拉多还写了一个牌子,挂在十字架上,写的是:“拿撒勒人耶稣,犹太人的王。” 20 许多犹太人都读了这牌子,因为耶稣被钉十字架的地方离城不远,而且牌子是用希伯来文、拉丁文、希腊文写的。 21 犹太人的祭司长们对彼拉多说:“请不要写‘犹太人的王’,而要写‘这个人说:我是犹太人的王。’” 22 彼拉多回答:“我所写的,我已经写了。” 23 士兵们将耶稣钉上十字架以后,把他的衣服拿来分成四份,每人一份。他们又拿了里衣,这件里衣没有接缝,从上到下由整片织成。 24 他们彼此说:“不要把它撕开,让我们抽签,看它是谁的。”这是为要应验经上的话:“他们分了我的衣服,又为我的衣裳抽签。”士兵们果然做了这些事。25 在耶稣的十字架旁边,站着他的母亲、他母亲的妹妹、克罗帕的妻子玛丽亚,以及茉大拉的玛丽亚26 耶稣看到母亲和他所爱的那门徒站在旁边,就对母亲说:“母亲,看哪,你的儿子!” 27 然后对那门徒说:“看哪,你的母亲!”从那时候起,那门徒就把耶稣的母亲接到自己的家里。28 这事以后,耶稣知道一切都已经完成了,为要应验经上的话,就说:“我渴了。”29 那里放着一个装满酸酒的容器。他们就把蘸满了酸酒的海绵套在牛膝草上,送到他的嘴边。30 耶稣尝了酸酒后,就说:“成了!”然后垂下头,交出了灵魂。31 因为那天是预备日,又因为那个安息日是个大节日,那些犹太人为了不让尸体在安息日留在十字架上,就向彼拉多请求,好把他们的腿打断,把尸体拿走。 32 士兵们就来,把与耶稣一起被钉十字架的头一个人的腿打断,又把另一个人的也打断了。 33 可是,当他们来到耶稣那里,看见他已经死了,就没有打断他的腿。 34 不过有一个士兵用长矛刺入耶稣的肋旁,立刻有血和水流了出来。 35 看见这事的那人做了见证——他的见证是真实的,并且他知道他所说的是真实的——这是为了要你们也信。 36 事实上,这些事发生,是为要应验经上的话:“他的骨头,一根也不被折断。” 37 另有一段经文也说:“他们将看见自己所刺的那一位。” 38 这些事以后,亚利马太的约瑟请求彼拉多,要领取耶稣的遗体。约瑟也是耶稣的门徒,不过是暗暗地做门徒,因为他怕那些犹太人。彼拉多准许了,他就来把耶稣的遗体领去。 39 当初在夜里来到耶稣那里的尼克迪莫也来了。他带着没药和沉香的混合香料,大约三十公斤[j]。 40 他们领了耶稣的遗体,按犹太人预备葬礼的规矩,用细麻布条和香料把遗体缠裹起来。 41 耶稣被钉十字架的地方有一个园子,园子里有一座新墓穴,从来没有安放过人。 42 因为那天是犹太人的预备日,那墓穴又在附近,他们就把耶稣安放在那里。

Jesus the King wore a crown even as He bore the cross till His final conquest “it is finished”.


Reflections and Prayer 反思祷告

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